Sunday, July 20, 2014

Today in military history: July 21, 2014

1242 – Battle of Taillebourg (Saintonge War) 
1403 – Battle of Shrewsbury (Glyndwr Rising) 
1568 – Battle of Jemmingen (Eighty Years’ War) 
1711 – Battle of Stanilesti ends (Great Northern War) 
1762 - Battle of Burkersdorf (Seven Years' War) 
1774 – Russo-Turkish War of 1768-1774 ends 
1780 – Battle of Bull’s Ferry ends; Battle of Colson’s Mill (American Revolutionary War) 
1781 – Action of 21 July 1781 (American Revolutionary War) (Naval) 
1790 – Second Battle of Svensksund (also Rochensalm) begins (Russo-Swedish War of 1788-1790) (Naval) 
1798 – Battle of the Pyramids (French Revolutionary Wars) 
1813 – Second Siege of Fort Meigs begins (War of 1812)  
1814 – First skirmish of Rock Island Rapids (War of 1812) 1823 – Attack at Cape Cruz, Cuba (Naval) 
1861 – First Battle of Bull Run (also Manassas) (US Civil War) 
1862 – Action at Gordonsville (US Civil War) 
1864 – Battle of Bald (also Leggett’s) Hill (US Civil War) 
1866 – Battle of Bezzecca (Austro-Prussian War) 
1913 – Battle of Kresna Gorge begins (Second Balkan War) 
1918 – Attack on Orleans, Massachusetts (WWI) (Naval/Air) 
1943 – British take Gerbini, Canadians take Leonforte, Americans take Corleone and Castelvetrano, Sicily; Soviets take Balkhov (WWII) 
1944 – Second Battle of Guam begins (partly Naval); Russians take Ostrov (WWII)
 July 21, 1944 - U.S. Marines with Third Marine Division and the First Marine Provisional Brigade during the Guam assault in Guam of July 20, 1944.

ATS girls operate a rangefinder at a 3.7-inch anti-aircraft gun site 
firing against V1 flying bombs, 21 July 1944.
Photo from July 28, 1944.  A Japanese type 99 carrier dive bomber/D3A Val shot down by Naval gunfire lies in the water off Guam beach as Marines continue to stream ashore. Agat Beachhead.- However handwritten note asserts that that plane was not shut down by naval gunfire as no Japanese planes opposed landings on July 21, 1944. 

1945 – Yetaishan Campaign begins (Chinese Civil War); Battle of Balikpapan ends (WWII)
 July 1945 - Australian troops storm ashore in the first assault wave to hit Balikpapan on the southeast coast of oil-rich Borneo. Coast Guard Combat Photographer James L. Lonergan stands in the landing craft.

1947 – Operation Product begins (Indonesian National Revolution)

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