Sunday, January 26, 2014

New military history research: The 1905 Russian Revolution and the Spanish Civil War

Middle Eastern Studies provides a study Murat Yasar addressing the influence of the 1905 Russian Revolution on the Young Turks of the Ottoman Empire.  The author states that the revolution was an important factor in the political success of the Young Turks.
 The barricades of Presnya, 1905 - by Ivan Vladimirov


The Bulletin of Spanish Studies: Hispanic Studies and Researches on Spain, Portugal, and Latin America presents a series of studies on the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939).

Angel Vinas discusses the two memoirs of Colonel Segismundo Casado and their discussion of the March 1939 coup.  The author states that both memoirs are unreliable history and were probably written with the assistance of MI6 for the first and Francoist government for the second.  He argues that the memoirs are too widely trusted today and should be reevaluated.

Robert S. Coale looks at eyewitness accounts of members of the International Brigades (Abraham Lincoln Brigade) when they were forced into French refugee camps following the fall of Barcelona.

 1937 - Transport of refugee children during the Spanish Civil War

Alison de Menezes Another study examines how writings about the Spanish Civil War over time have used humor and the carnivalesque to deal with the memories of the war.


George Esenwein examines histories of the Spanish Civil War during the Cold War have too often imposed a Cold War perspective on the history of that period and need to be re-examined in this light.

A study of the role of the Soviet Union in the Spanish Civil War by Daniel Kowalsky is presented.  The author studies diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Spain and also argues that it may be useful to study Stalin’s role in Spain as one stemming from a position of weakness rather than strength.  The author argues that all non-Soviet histories of the Soviet Union’s involvement in the war take the same stand on this issue and that studying this issue from a different angle is necessary.

 1936 - Surrender of Red Soldiers, Somosierra, Madrid

David Pike examines France’s response to the Spanish Civil War.  He argues that the French left was pacifist in nature but was forced to confront the dangers of fascism in Spain.  The French right opposed fascism but saw that as the lesser of two evils in relation to communism and socialism.  In the end, France and Europe were conflicted over how to deal with the Spanish Civil War and in the end France had enemies on three frontiers in 1939.

Richard Baxell discusses the make up and administration of the International Brigades.  There have been dissenting opinions on these forces with some arguing that the brigades were a Soviet structure where any political dissension was quashed for political and not military necessity.  However, Baxell argues that administration of the forces were more even-handed, especially among the English speaking battalions.  

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